Thursday, July 5, 2012

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Mumbai, erstwhile Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, India. Mumbai lies at the mouth of Ulhas River off the western coast of India in the coastal region known as Konkan. It is one of the most populous cities in the world having an population of One Crore, Twenty Four Lacs, Seventy Eight Thousand, Four Hundred Forty Seven i.e. Twelve Million, Four Hundred Seventy Eight Thousand, Four Hundred Forty Seven. Mumbai is fifth most populous city in the world. Mumbai is the commercial and entertainment centre of India, generating 5% of India's GDP and accounting for 25 per cent of industrial output, 40 per cent of maritime trade, and 70 per cent of capital transactions to India's economy. Mumbai has a deep natural harbour being operated by Mumbai Port Trust(MbPT), an autonomous body of Govt. of India under Surface Transport Ministry. It handles more than 30% of sea-borne cargo in India. Mumbai is classified as a metropolis of India, under the jurisdiction of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.

It is divided into two districts :- The Greater Mumbai District and the Mumbai Subarban District. The Greater Mumbai District covers the area from Colaba to Sion on eastern coast and from Colaba to Mahim on western coast of it. The Mumbai Subarban District covers the area from Sion to Mulund on the eastern coast and from Bandra to Dahisar on western coast it. Mumbai Coordinates :- 18.96° N 72.82° E

State -Maharashtra.

Area -437.71 km²

Time zone:-IST (UTC+5:30)

Population (Census year 2011) - 12, 478, 147 Out of which 3, 145, 666 in Greater Mumbai District and 9, 332, 481 in Mumbai Suburban District.

Density of Population:- 20,038 per square kilo-meter in Greater Mumbai District.

Postal Codes - 400 xxx

Telephone code - 022

Civic Administration:-B.M.C. (Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation)

Mayor of Mumbai:-Mr. Milind Vaidya

Municipal Commissioner:-Mr. Sitaram Kunte. I.A.S.(Indian Administrative Service)

Police Commissioner of Mumbai:- Mr. Arup Patnaik, I.P.S. (Indian Police service)

Police control room phone:-100

Fire Brigade control room phone:-101

Ambulance control room phone:-102

Cardiac ambulance control room phone:-105

Four lakes named Vihar , Vaitarna, Tulsi and Tansa supply water to Mumbai. It also has three small rivers within the city limits originating in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Forth one is larger which is called "Mithi river." The coastline of the city is with numerous creeks and bays. The eastern coast of Mumbai is covered with large mangrove swamps, rich in biodiversity. The western coast is sandy and rocky. Though the capital of india is Delhi, its financial capital is Mumbai with a long Historical background. Mumbai is India's largest city. Mumbai serves as an important economic hub of the country, contributing 10% of all factory employment, 40% of all income tax collections, 60% of all customs duty collections, 20% of all central excise duty collections, 40% of India's foreign trade and 40 billion Rupees (US$ 1 billion) in corporate taxes. 

Climate:- The climate of the city, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, is classified into three seasons — the summer(March-June), the monsoon(June-September) and the winter(November- February). However, during March-June and September-October, high temperature of over 32 °C is experienced. Transport:- Public buses being run by Brihanmumbai Eletric Supply and Transport which is known with its abbreviation BEST (external link to its website) cover almost all parts of the metropolis. Buses are used for commuting short to medium distances while train fares are more economical for long distance commutes. The BEST (external link to its website) runs about 3,400 buses ferrying about 4.5 million passengers over 340 routes. Its fleet consists of single-decker, double-decker, vestibule, low-floor, disabled-friendly, and air-conditioned buses. The BEST administration has introduced in its bus fleet new buses specially for sight seeing for tourist plying both on road and in the water. Recently, the BEST(external link to its website) adminstration has introduced one day pass system enabling the commuters to travel economically. This one day pass can be purchased from the conductor of the bus at Rs.25/- to travel in the area either in Greater Mumbai or Suburban Mumbai during working days and on Sundays or on the public holidays the pass worth Rs. 25/- is valid all over Mumbai till mid-night of the day, the pass is purchased. The pass worth Rs. 30/- is valid to traval all over Mumbai. However, one day pass facility is not valid for A.C. and express busses. The express busses are idetified from their yellow coloured number plates of its route while the ordinery busesse have white route number plates

View:-BEST single and double decker buses

Black and yellow-metered taxis traverse most of the metropolis.

View:- Auto rikshaw in Mumbai

Auto rickshaws operate in the suburban areas of Mumbai. Rickshaws being run on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) are the main form of hired transport. These three-wheeled vehicles are a quick way to get around. They are the cheapest form of hired transport and can accommodate up to three passengers. However, the Mumbai Suburban Railways is the life line of the people of Mumbai and its Suburbs. Tourist attraction:- Girgaum Chawpati/Juhu Beach/Versova Beach/Gorai beach /Aksa Beach/Marve Beach/ Manori Beach /Prince of Wales Museum /Gateway of India /Mahalaxmi Temple/Haji Ali dargah (Mosque)/Kamala Nehru Park /The Hanging Gardens/Bandra-Worli Sea Link/Jehangir Art Gallery/Bangaga Tank/Siddhivinayak Temple/Taraporewala Aquarium/Tata Institute of Fundamental Research(TIFR/National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA)/Sanjay Gandhi National Park/Kanheri Caves/Shivaji Park/Tulsi Lake/Powai Lake/Vihar lake/Global Pagoda/Chaitya Bhoomi at Dadar Shivaji Park/Mani Bhavan, Mahatma Gandhi Museum/Jijamata Udyan(zoo)/Bhau Daji Lad Museum/Nehru Planetarium/Madh Island/Nehru Science Centre/

(I have tried to furnish the information on this site and on my all other concerned sites as accurate as possible. However, I accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience, if any, resulted due to this information. It is, therefore, advised that the information be verified with the relevant authorities before travel).